Orig. pub. as Symboler - vasterlandska ideogram by Merkur International in Malmo, Sweden (c1974).
Signs and Symbols : Signs, symbols, and ideograms [meaning of the words - symbol and ideogram; history of the word symbol]; Signs and meanings; the polarity of meanings of elementary graphs; Basic ideographic structures [the basic elements in Western ideography; gestalts]; Development of sign structures through the ages, p5-6; p7; p8-9; p10-11; p13-16.. Icons : Meaning of word iconic, p7.. Visual Perception : Relationship between visual perception, thought, and graphic form, p17-22.. Writing - Ideographs : Signs, symbols, and ideograms [meaning of the words - symbol and ideogram; Basic ideographic structures [the basic elements in Western ideography; gestalts]; Ideographic systems of writing; Ancient American ideograms; an ideographic system of writing ready for use; Modern ideographic systems, p5-6; p12; p22-27; p28-31; p72-74; p75-77.. Graphic Arts : p5-31.. Symbolism of Swastika : The ideographic struggle in Europe during the 1930s, p64-69.. National Socialism : The ideographic struggle in Europe during the 1930s, p64-69.. Symbolism - Corporate : The world of business and ideograms, p70-71.. Tramps : Systems of hobo signs, p59-63.. Alchemical Symbolism : The signs of the alchemists; Esoteric alchemy, p51-55; p56-58.. Symbolism of Cross : The sign of the cross in Western ideography, p46-50.. Pentagram : The mystical pentagram, 43-45.. Symbolism In Astrology : The astrological system of symbols; The symbolism of the astrological ages, p32-39; p40-42.
'From early cave drawings to modern corporate logos, graphic symbols have been used to convey meanings both tangible and abstract.' Liungman uses approximately 2500 Western graphic symbols. Each entry gives the sign's history, meanings, and the systems that use it. There is cross-referencing from the symbol 'to other signs with the same meanings and to structurally similar signs with different meanings....a system that classifies each sign on the basis of three of its structural features.'